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Title: Copepods as references species in estuarine and marine waters
Authors: Kwok, KWH 
Souissi, S
Dur, G
Won, EJ
Lee, JS
Keywords: Genetics
Life-cycle toxicity
Population effect
Toxicity testing
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: In C Amiard-Triquet, JC Amiard, & C Mouneyrac (Eds.), Aquatic ecotoxicology : advancing tools for dealing with emerging risks, p. 281-308. London: Academic Press, 2015 How to cite?
Abstract: Copepods are a class of small crustaceans that are widespread and naturally abundant in all aquatic ecosystems as a key link between primary producers and higher predators. They have 13 distinct life stages (i.e., egg, six naupliar stages, five copepodite stages, adult), making development easy to trace, and many species are sexually dimorphic. These life-history traits and its importance in the aquatic food web make copepods a suitable candidate as reference organisms for ecotoxicology. Copepods are used particularly for full life-cycle toxicity evaluation. This potential is recognized by researchers, government agencies, and international bodies. This chapter provides a summary of the current state of science in copepod toxicity testing, published protocols of copepod tests, and identifies key research area for further development of copepod testing.
ISBN: 9780128011768
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800949-9.00012-7
Appears in Collections:Book Chapter

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