Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/55094
Title: Changes in enforcement styles among environmental enforcement officials in China
Authors: Lo, CWH 
Fryxell, GE
Van Rooij, B
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Environment and planning A, 2009, v. 41, no. 11, p. 2706-2723 How to cite?
Journal: Environment and planning A 
Abstract: This study examines changes in enforcement styles among environmental enforcement officials in the context of Chinaâs rapidly changing institutional environments, using panel data collected in Guangzhou in 2000 and 2006. Altogether, five enforcement style elements were examinedâaccommodation, prioritization, educational, formalism, and coercion. It was found that in 2006 respondents reported greater reliance on education, formalism, and coercion than in 2000. During the same period 2000 - 06, no significant changes were found for the enforcement styles of accommodation and prioritization or in the respondentsâ perceptions of their organizationâs enforcement effectiveness. From regression models in which enforcement styles were used to predict perceived organizational enforcement effectiveness, it was observed that the coefficient for formalism had changed substantially over this period, from being significantly negative to significantly positive, which may be evidence of a general shift from ârule by manâ to ârule by lawâ in China. This study has benefited from the concept of regulatory enforcement style elements, as it allows for an empirical understanding of regulatory enforcement beyond the common and normative dichotomy of deterrence versus cooperation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/55094
ISSN: 0308-518X (print)
1472-3409 (online)
DOI: 10.1068/a41357
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Access
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

22
Last Week
5
Last month
Citations as of Dec 6, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

15
Last Week
0
Last month
Citations as of Dec 12, 2017

Page view(s)

41
Last Week
4
Last month
Checked on Dec 11, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.