Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/44180
Title: Experimental research in hospitality and tourism : a critical review
Authors: Fong, LHN
Law, R 
Tang, CMF
Yap, MHT
Keywords: Content analysis
Experiment
Hospitality
Systematic review
Tourism
Trends
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Source: International journal of contemporary hospitality management, 2016, v. 28, no. 2, p. 246-266 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of contemporary hospitality management 
Abstract: Purpose – This paper aims to examine the prevalence and trend of experimental research in hospitality and tourism. Hospitality and tourism researchers have long been encouraged to increase their use of experimental designs. However, a solid support for such advocacy is lacking, and the present paper fills in this research gap. Design/methodology/approach – By using a systematic approach, this study reviews 161 tourism and hospitality articles and conducts content analysis based on certain criteria including journal outlets, Social Sciences Citation Index journals, years of publication, contexts, disciplinary foci, experimental designs, settings, number of independent variables, number of studies per article, manipulation methods, manipulation check, research subjects, sample size, subjects per experimental condition, statistical analyses and provision of effect size. The criteria between hospitality and tourism publications are also compared. Findings – Findings show that the number of experimental publications has significantly increased over the past decade, especially in hospitality publications. Nonetheless, there is still room for improvement in applying the experimental design in hospitality and tourism research. Research limitations/implications – Researchers in hospitality and tourism are recommended to report manipulation check results and the effect size of statistically significant results, as well as to devote more effort to knowledge accumulation and methodological advancement of experimental designs. Originality/value – This study is the first to review experimental research in hospitality and tourism. The findings of this study provide significant implications and directions for hospitality and tourism researchers to conduct experimental research in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/44180
ISSN: 0959-6119
EISSN: 1757-1049
DOI: 10.1108/IJCHM-10-2014-0506
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