Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/43872
Title: Deformation behavior and microstructure evolution in thermal-aided mesoforming of titanium dental abutment
Authors: Meng, B
Fu, MW 
Shi, SQ 
Keywords: Dental implant
Material flow
Microstructure evolution
Pure titanium
Thermal-aided mesoforming
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Materials and design, 2016, v. 89, p. 1283-1293 How to cite?
Journal: Materials and design 
Abstract: With the increasing demand for meso/micro-scaledmedical products made of biocompatiblematerials, thermalaidedmesoforming is proposed to improvematerial formability and homogenize flow behavior of materials that are difficult to deform at room temperature. However, the unique material deformation behavior and the interactive effects of material microstructure and deformation temperature on forming quality of the fabricated micropart remain unknown. This study thus aims at addressing this issue in thermalmesoforming in terms of deformation load, material flow,microstructural evolution, dimensional accuracy, and defect formation. Accordingly, the fabrication of a titanium dental abutment by one-stroke mesoforming at elevated temperature is conducted and explored. The characteristic and quality of the mesoformed part are extensively examined. The surface grains on the square extrudate undergo severe deformation and generate an equiaxed structure, reflecting that mesoforming at elevated temperature facilitates the homogenization of material flow without coarsening grain size. In addition, the dimensional accuracy, surface quality and the sizes of burr and flash are associated with the initial grain size of pure titanium, and the surface finish is improved by using fine-grained titanium. The fine-grained material is thus desirable for achieving the optimal surface quality in the thermal-aided mesoformed parts.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/43872
ISSN: 0264-1275 (print)
1873-4197 (online)
0261-3069
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.10.105
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