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Title: CFD simulation of the effect of an upstream building on the inter-unit dispersion in a multi-story building in two wind directions
Authors: Cui, DJ
Mak, CM 
Kwok, KCS
Ai, ZT
Keywords: CFD
Inter-unit dispersion
Natural ventilation
Upstream building
Wind directions
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of wind engineering and industrial aerodynamics, 2016, v. 150, p. 31-41 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of wind engineering and industrial aerodynamics 
Abstract: Previous studies on inter-unit dispersion are limited to isolated buildings. The influence of an upstream interfering building may significantly modify the indoor airflow characteristics of the wind-induced natural ventilated downstream interfered building. Motivated by the findings in previous studies, namely that infectious respiratory aerosols exhausted from a unit can re-enter into another unit in the same building through building envelope openings, this study investigates the inter-unit pollutant dispersion around a multi-story building in two wind directions by employing the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. The CFD model employed in this study has been validated against previous experimental data. The results show that the presence of an upstream building greatly changes the path lines around the downstream target building and the pollutant transportation routes around it. The presence of a low upstream building also greatly increases the average air exchange rate (ACH) values and the pollutant re-entry ratios (Rk) below the source unit on the windward side of the downstream target building for normal wind incidence. However, the presence of a high upstream building greatly increases the average ACH values on the windward side and increases the Rk on the leeward side of the downstream building for oblique wind incidence.
ISSN: 0167-6105
EISSN: 1872-8197
DOI: 10.1016/j.jweia.2016.01.007
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