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Title: Study of the geometry effect on land surface temperature retrieval in urban environment
Authors: Yang, J
Wong, MS 
Menenti, M
Nichol, J 
Keywords: Geometry effect
Urban exitance model
Urban surface temperature
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: ISPRS journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing, 2015, v. 109, p. 77-87 How to cite?
Journal: ISPRS journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing 
Abstract: This study presents a Single Channel Method using Urban Exitance Model (UEM-SCM) to retrieve land surface temperature (LST) from satellite data in an urbanized city, and evaluates the geometry effect on land surface temperature retrieval using single channel method and split-window algorithm. The UEM-SCM incorporates the effect of urban geometry and considers both reflection caused by the target pixel and its neighboring pixels. In order to evaluate the geometry effect, the retrieved LSTs with and without geometry effect were studied. Results show that the LSTs without geometry effect are generally higher than the LSTs with geometry effect. The temperature difference occurs because the material emissivity is always lower than the effective emissivity caused by multiple scattering and reflection in urban areas (cavity effect). The LST without geometry effect also cannot fully capture the variability and complexity of urban thermal patterns. The temperature difference between with and without the geometry effect can reach 2 K in built-up areas. A comparison was also conducted between LST retrieved by split-window algorithm with and without geometry effect. Results show that the LST retrieved by split-window algorithm without geometry effect has generally higher values than the one with the geometry effect, e.g. 1.1 K on average and 1.5-2 K in built-up areas. The geometry effect will be removed and mis-deemed as atmospheric effect when the split-window algorithm without geometry effect is applied in urban areas. The split-window algorithm with the geometry effect can be used to distinguish between geometry and atmospheric effect in further study.
ISSN: 0924-2716
DOI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2015.09.001
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