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Title: Distribution of the multidrug resistance gene cfr in staphylococcus isolates from pigs, workers, and the environment of a hog market and a slaughterhouse in Guangzhou, China
Authors: Wang, J
Lin, DC
Guo, XM
Wei, HK
Liu, XQ
Chen, XJ
Guo, JY
Zeng, ZL
Liu, JH
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Source: Foodborne pathogens and disease, 2015, v. 12, no. 7, p. 598-605 How to cite?
Journal: Foodborne pathogens and disease 
Abstract: Bacteria harboring cfr, a multidrug resistance gene, have high prevalence in livestock in China and might be transmitted to humans through direct contact or via contaminated food products. To better understand the epidemiology of cfr producers in the food chain, the prevalence and genetic analysis of Staphylococcus isolates recovered from pigs, workers, and meat-handling facilities (a slaughterhouse and a hog market in Guangzhou, China) were examined. Twenty (4.5%) cfr-positive Staphylococcus isolates (18 Staphylococcus simulans, 1 S. cohnii, and 1 S. aureus) were derived from pigs (16/312), the environment (2/52), and workers (2/80). SmaI pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of 26 staphylococcal strains (22 S. simulans and 4 S. cohnii), including previously reported cfr-carrying staphylococci of animal food origin, exhibited 19 major pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns (A-S). Clonal spread of cfr-carrying staphylococci among pigs, workers, and meat products was detected. The genetic contexts of cfr in plasmids (pHNKF3, pHNZT2, and pHNCR35) obtained from S. simulans of swine or human origin were similar to that of Staphylococcus species isolated from human clinics and animal-derived food. The cfr-carrying S. aureus strain isolated from floor swabs of the hog market was spa-type t889 and belonged to the ST9 clonal lineage. In summary, both clonal spread and horizontal transmission via mobile elements contributed to cfr dissemination among staphylococcal isolates obtained from different sources. To monitor potential outbreaks of cfr-positive bacteria, continued surveillance of this gene in animals at slaughter and in animal-derived food is warranted.
ISSN: 1535-3141
EISSN: 1556-7125
DOI: 10.1089/fpd.2014.1891
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