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Title: Investigating the crystallization behavior of poly(lactic acid) using CdSe/ZnS quantum dots as heterogeneous nucleating agents
Authors: Gong, X
Pan, L
Tang, CY 
Chen, L
Li, C
Wu, C
Law, WC 
Wang, X
Tsui, CP 
Xie, X
Keywords: Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
Physical properties
Thermal analysis
Quantum dots
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Composites. Part B, Engineering, 2016, v. 91, p. 103-110 How to cite?
Journal: Composites. Part B, Engineering 
Abstract: Heterogeneous nucleation is a frequently encountered phenomenon in the crystallization of inorganic nanoparticle/polymer systems, and has a great influence on the morphology and properties (such as optical, mechanical and degradable properties) of the nanocomposites. In this study, a solution casting method was adopted to fabricate CdSe-ZnS quantum dots (QDs)/poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanocomposites films of various QDs concentrations by using chloroform as the solvent. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, polarized optical microscopy (POM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and X-ray diffractometry (XRD) were used to characterize the crystallization behavior of the nanocomposites films that had been thermally treated differently from the as-cast state. The FT-IR and POM results showed that the nucleation density and the crystallization ability of PLA are greatly enhanced with addition of the QDs in the processes of isothermal crystallization at 403 K. The results of DSC revealed that the glass transition temperature of PLA has no obvious change with the addition of QDs. For the QDs/PLA samples which were isothermally annealed at 403 K for 30 min, the degree of (melt) crystallinity increased with increase of QD concentrations in the PLA matrix. All the results obtained from FT-IR spectroscopy, POM, DSC, and XRD were consistent, suggesting that the CdSe-ZnS QDs can serve as an efficient heterogeneous nucleating agent for the acceleration and enhancement of the melt crystallization of PLA at the optimized condition.
ISSN: 1359-8368
EISSN: 1879-1069
DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.12.032
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