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Title: A modelling study of the atmospheric chemistry of DMS using the global model, STOCHEM-CRI
Authors: Khan, MAH
Gillespie, SMP
Razis, B
Xiao, P
Davies-Coleman, MT
Percival, CJ
Derwent, RG
Dyke, JM
Ghosh, MV
Lee, EPF
Shallcross, DE
Keywords: Atmospheric lifetime
Global burden
Global modelling
Seasonal cycle
Southern hemisphere
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Atmospheric environment, 2016, v. 127, p. 69-79 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric environment 
Abstract: The tropospheric chemistry of dimethylsulfide (DMS) is investigated using a global three-dimensional chemical transport model, STOCHEM with the CRIv2-R5 chemistry scheme. The tropospheric distribution of DMS and its removal at the surface by OH abstraction, OH addition, NO3 oxidation, and BrO oxidation is modelled. The study shows that the lifetime and global burden of DMS is ca. 1.2 days and 98 Gg S, respectively. Inclusion of BrO oxidation resulted in a reduction of the lifetime (1.0 day) and global burden (83 Gg S) of DMS showing that this reaction is important in the DMS budget. The percentage contribution of BrO oxidation to the total removal of DMS is found to be only 7.9% that is considered a lower limit because the study does not include an inorganic source of bromine from sea-salt. BrO oxidation contributed significantly in the high latitudes of the southern hemisphere (SH). Inclusion of DMS removal by Cl2 showed that potentially a large amount of DMS is removed via this reaction specifically in the remote SH oceans, depending on the flux of Cl2 from the Southern Ocean. Model DMS levels are evaluated against measurement data from six different sites around the globe. The model predicted the correct seasonal cycle for DMS at all locations and correlated well with measurement data for most of the periods.
ISSN: 1352-2310
EISSN: 1873-2844
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.028
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