Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/43365
Title: Study on energy and economic benefits of converting a combined heating and power system to a tri-generation system for sewage treatment plants in subtropical area
Authors: Chen, Y
Zhang, T
Yang, H 
Peng, J
Keywords: Retrofitting
Sewage treatment plant
Simulation
Techno-economic analysis
Tri-generation
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied thermal engineering, 2016, v. 94, p. 24-39 How to cite?
Journal: Applied thermal engineering 
Abstract: A feasibility study was conducted on converting an existing combined heat and power (CHP) system into a tri-generation system for sewage treatment plant application. Usually, a biogas-driven CHP is used for both electricity generation and digester heating. However, a huge amount of heat has to be released during the summer in subtropical areas when the heating demand is low. So the tri-generation system, created by enhancing the CHP scheme with an absorption chiller, was proposed to address the defect. In summer, the huge amount of waste heat drives the chiller and produces chilled water for space cooling. Four possible tri-generation retrofitting schemes were proposed with different types of absorption chiller. The hourly dynamic energy performances of the four systems were simulated by the established mathematic models under Hong Kong weather data. Then detailed economic analysis was conducted to the four systems. The results show that the double effect absorption chiller driven by bypass of 450°C flue gas is the optimal retrofitting scheme for its highest thermal efficiency, shortest payback period, better stability and easier control. The annual average thermal efficiency can be improved from 20.8% to 38.3%.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/43365
ISSN: 1359-4311
EISSN: 1873-5606
DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.078
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