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Title: "Zero-Fare" group tours in China : an analytic framework
Authors: Chen, Y
Mak, B
Guo, Y
Keywords: "Zero-fare" group tours
Package tours
Inferior quality
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Source: Journal of China tourism research (中國旅游硏究), 2011, v. 7, no. 4, p. 425-444 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of China tourism research (中國旅游硏究) 
Abstract: This study addresses the problem of the so-called "zero-fare" group tours, a terminology that is believed to be originated in Chinese media to denote a sort of inferior quality in China's outbound package tours. Previous research on this problem failed, on the one hand, to define "zero-fare" group tours in a scholarly and systematical way and, on the other, to draw a line between the cause of "zero-fare" group tours and their factual matters—in short, a distinction between what they are and why they are. In this regard, this study presents the factual matters of "zero-fare" group tours derived from a content analysis of news reports pertaining to "zero-fare" group tours over the period 2003–2010 in China. Drawing upon these factual matters, this study proposes an analytic framework to portray the problem of "zero-fare" group tours to incorporate three fundamental elements, namely, low price in the source market, inferior quality at the destination, and the "zero-fare" relationship between outbound tour operators and inbound tour operators that jointly operate group package tours. Explanatory research based on this framework can therefore proceed to inquire into the mechanism by which this framework is manifested.
ISSN: 1938-8160
EISSN: 1938-8179
DOI: 10.1080/19388160.2011.627024
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