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Title: Experimental study and large eddy simulation for the turbulent flow around four cylinders in an in-line square configuration
Authors: Lam, K
Zou, L
Keywords: Four cylinders
Turbulent flow
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: International journal of heat and fluid flow, 2009, v. 30, no. 2, p. 276-285 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of heat and fluid flow 
Abstract: The turbulent flows around four cylinders in an in-line square configuration with different spacing ratios of 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 5.0 have been investigated experimentally at subcritical Reynolds numbers from 11,000 to 20,000. The mean and fluctuating velocity distributions were obtained using the laser Doppler anemometry (LDA) measurement. The digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) was employed to characterize the full field vorticity and velocity distributions as well as other turbulent quantities. The experimental study indicated that several distinct flow patterns exist depending on the spacing ratio and subcritical Reynolds number for turbulent flow. The three-dimensional numerical simulations were also carried out using the large eddy simulation (LES) at Reynolds number of 15,000 with the spacing ratio of 1.5 and 3.5. The results show that the LES numerical predictions are in good agreement with the experimental measurements. Therefore, the three-dimensional vortex structures and the full field instantaneous and mean quantities of the flow field such as velocity field, vorticity field, etc., which are very difficult to obtain experimentally, can be extracted from the simulation results for the deepening of our understanding on the complex flow phenomena around four cylinders in in-line configuration.
ISSN: 0142-727X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2009.01.005
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