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Title: Segmentation of brain PET-CT images based on adaptive use of complementary information
Authors: Xia, Y
Wen, L
Eberl, S
Fulham, M
Feng, D
Keywords: Brain
Image segmentation
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Source: Proceedings of SPIE : the International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009, v. 7259, 72593A How to cite?
Journal: Proceedings of SPIE : the International Society for Optical Engineering 
Abstract: Dual modality PET-CT imaging provides aligned anatomical (CT) and functional (PET) images in a single scanning session, which can potentially be used to improve image segmentation of PET-CT data. The ability to distinguish structures for segmentation is a function of structure and modality and varies across voxels. Thus optimal contribution of a particular modality to segmentation is spatially variant. Existing segmentation algorithms, however, seldom account for this characteristic of PET-CT data and the results using these algorithms are not optimal. In this study, we propose a relative discrimination index (RDI) to characterize the relative abilities of PET and CT to correctly classify each voxel into the correct structure for segmentation. The definition of RDI is based on the information entropy of the probability distribution of the voxel's class label. If the class label derived from CT data for a particular voxel has more certainty than that derived from PET data, the corresponding RDI will have a higher value. We applied the RDI matrix to balance adaptively the contributions of PET and CT data to segmentation of brain PET-CT images on a voxel-by-voxel basis, with the aim to give the modality with higher discriminatory power a larger weight. The resultant segmentation approach is distinguished from traditional approaches by its innovative and adaptive use of the dual-modality information. We compared our approach to the non-RDI version and two commonly used PET-only based segmentation algorithms for simulation and clinical data. Our results show that the RDI matrix markedly improved PET-CT image segmentation.
Description: Medical Imaging 2009 : Image Processing, Lake Buena Vista, U.S.A., February 2009
ISSN: 0277-786X
EISSN: 1996-756X
DOI: 10.1117/12.811078
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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