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Title: Freeway traffic estimation in Beijing based on particle filter
Authors: Ren, S
Bi, J
Fung, Y
Li, X
Keywords: Beijing freeway
Particle filter
Short-term traffic flow
Traffic estimation
Issue Date: 2010
Source: 2010 Sixth International Conference on Natural Computation (ICNC), 10-12 Aug. 2010, Yantai, Shandong, p. 292-296 How to cite?
Abstract: Short-term traffic flow data is characterized by rapid and dramatic fluctuations. It reflects the nature of the frequent congestion in the lane, which shows a strong nonlinear feature. Traffic state estimation based on the data gained by electronic sensors is critical for much intelligent traffic management and the traffic control. In this paper, a solution to freeway traffic estimation in Beijing is proposed using a particle filter, based on macroscopic traffic flow model, which estimates both traffic density and speed. Particle filter is a nonlinear prediction method, which has obvious advantages for traffic flows prediction. However, with the increase of sampling period, the volatility of the traffic state curve will be much dramatic. Therefore, the prediction accuracy will be affected and difficulty of forecasting is raised. In this paper, particle filter model is applied to estimate the short-term traffic flow. Numerical study is conducted based on the Beijing freeway data with the sampling period of 2 min. The relatively high accuracy of the results indicates the superiority of the proposed model.
ISBN: 978-1-4244-5958-2
DOI: 10.1109/ICNC.2010.5583834
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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