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Title: A best practice framework of output specifications for PPP projects
Authors: Lam, PTI 
Chan, APC 
Chan, SH
Keywords: PPP projects
Output specifications
Issue Date: 2010
Source: CIB 2010 World Congress, Salford Quays - Unitied Kingdom, 10-13 May 2010 How to cite?
Abstract: Increasingly, the provision of infrastructure and municipal services is being undertaken by collaboration between the public and private sectors under the broad umbrella of PPP. When the public sector communicates its requirements to the private sector for the purposes of bid invitation, negotiation, payment administration and performance monitoring, output specifications are used instead of a set of prescriptive specifications. On one hand, output specifications need to provide room for innovations and flexibility for future changes. On the other hand, clarity and enforceability are important to fulfill their purposes. Based on previous research experience in developing a performance-based specification framework for specialist work contracting, a Best Practice Framework is proposed for specifying outputs of PPP projects. The proposed Framework embraces (1) Statements of client’s requirements; (2) Physical Asset requirements; (3) Service requirements, (4) Links to payment mechanism and performance evaluation; (5) Rectification; as well as (6) Change mechanism. Drawing lessons from reported case studies, positive recommendations and caveats against pitfalls have been included in the Best Practice Framework.
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