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Title: Roles of gender and identification on abusive supervision and proactive behavior
Authors: Ouyang, K
Lam, W 
Chen, Z
Keywords: Abusive supervision
Proactive behavior
Social identity theory
Issue Date: 2013
Source: 2013 Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Orlando, USA, 9-13 August 2013 How to cite?
Abstract: This study investigates the relationship between abusive supervision and subordinates¡¦ proactive behavior in the organization based on a new perspective, namely the social identity theory. In addition, building on evolutionary psychology, we predict that subordinate¡¦s gender is a key moderator on this relationship. Using a sample of 350 supervisor¡Vsubordinate dyads from four companies within a group IT corporation, we found that abusive supervision was negatively related to subordinates¡¦ perceived insider status and organizational commitment, which in turn positively influenced their proactive behaviors. The results also demonstrated that subordinate¡¦s gender moderated the relationship between abusive supervision and perceived insider status, such that the negative relationship was stronger for female subordinates than for male subordinates. Taken together, these findings identify the social identity theory as an underlying mechanism to explain the relationship between abusive supervision and subordinates¡¦ proactive behavior and uncover a crucial boundary condition (i.e. subordinate¡¦s gender) for this relationship.
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