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Title: Controllable parabolic lensed liquid-core optical fiber by using electrostatic force
Authors: Tang, CY
Zhang, XM 
Chai, Y 
Hui, L
Tao, LL
Tsang, YH 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Source: Optics express, 2014, v. 22, no. 17, p. 20948-20953 How to cite?
Journal: Optics express 
Abstract: For typical optical fiber system, an external lens accessory set is required to adjust the optical path of output light, which however is limited by the fixed parameter of the lens accessory setup. Considering spherical aberration in the imaging process and its small focusable spot size, a complicated lens combination is required to compensate the aberration. This paper has demonstrated a unique method to fabricate liquid-core lensed fibers by filling water and NOA61 respectively into hollow Teflon AF fibers and silicate fiber, the radius of curvature of the liquid lens can be controlled by adjusting the applied voltage on the core liquid and even parabolic shape lens can be produced with enough applied voltage. The experiment has successfully demonstrated a variation of focal length from 0.628mm to 0.111mm responding to the change of applied voltage from 0V to 3.2KV (L = 2mm) for the Teflon AF fiber, as well as a variation of focal length from 0.274mm to 0.08mm responding to the change of applied voltage from 0V to 3KV (L = 2mm) for the silicate fiber. Further simulation shows that the focused spot size can be reduced to 2 m by adjusting the refractive index and fiber geometry. Solid state parabolic lensed fiber can be produced after NOA61 is solidified by the UV curing.
EISSN: 1094-4087
DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.020948
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