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Title: Aligned TiO2 nanotube/nanoparticle heterostructures with enhanced electrochemical performance as three-dimensional anode for lithium-ion microbatteries
Authors: Xie, KY
Guo, M
Lu, W
Huang, HT 
Keywords: Anodization
Water treament
Titania nanotube/nanoparticle heterostructure
Three-dimensional anode
Lithium-ion microbatteries
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Source: Nanotechnology, 2014, v. 25, no. 45, 455401 How to cite?
Journal: Nanotechnology 
Abstract: A novel TiO2 three-dimensional (3D) anode with an aligned TiO2 nanotube/nanoparticle heterostructure (TiO2 NTs/NPs) is developed by simply immersing as-anodized TiO2 NTs into water and further crystallizing the TiO2 NTs by post-annealing. The heterostructure, with its core in a tubular morphology and with both the outer and inner surface consisting of nanoparticles, is confirmed by FESEM and TEM. A reversible areal capacity of 0.126 mAh . cm(-2) is retained after 50 cycles for the TiO2 NTs/NPs heterostructure electrode, which is higher than that of the TiO2 NTs electrode (0.102 mAh . cm(-2) after 50 cycles). At the current densities of 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10 and 0.20 mA . cm(-2), the areal capacities are 0.142, 0.127, 0.117, 0.110, 0.104 and 0.089 mAh . cm(-2), respectively, for the TiO2 NTs/NPs heterostructure electrode compared to the areal capacities of 0.123, 0.112, 0.105, 0.101, 0.094 and 0.083 mAh . cm(-2), respectively, for the the TiO2 NTs electrode. The enhanced electrochemical performance is attributed to the unique microstructure of the TiO2 NTs/NPs heterostructure electrode with the TiO2 NT core used as a straight pathway for electronic transport and with TiO2 NP offering enhanced surface areas for facile Li+ insertion/extraction. The results described here inspire a facile approach to fabricate a 3D anode with an enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion microbattery applications.
ISSN: 0957-4484
EISSN: 1361-6528
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/25/45/455401
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