Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36120
Title: Overwhelming farmland conversion for urban development in transitional China : case study of Shanghai
Authors: Xu, Y
Chan, EHW 
Yung, EHK 
Keywords: Agriculture
Urban development
Economic factors
China
Case studies
Farmland conversion
Economic claims
Transitional China
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Source: Journal of urban planning and development, 2015, v. 141, no. 2, 5014013 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of urban planning and development 
Abstract: China has experienced an unprecedented level of farmland conversion for urban development despite the fact that farmland remains a highly scarce and valuable resource in this densely populated country. The causes of this presumably unreasonable phenomenon are examined from the perspective of competing claims for farmland conversion in Shanghai. The reasons behind such excessive farmland conversion for urban development in transitional China are generalized as follows: (1)the present urban-rural dualistic structure influences farmers to pursue economic rather than agricultural claims, (2)local governments with economic claims exercise strong incentives and power in converting farmland for urban purposes, (3)local governments largely undermine the enforcement of the central government's policies (which upholds agricultural claims), (4)other groups with noneconomic claims are excluded from the farmland conversion process, and (5)the village cadres and role model campaigns effectively reduce the conflict between farmers and local governments regarding the amount of compensation. Based on these findings, policy suggestions for farmland preservation are presented at the end of the paper.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36120
ISSN: 0733-9488
EISSN: 1943-5444
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000215
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