Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36090
Title: Recycled diesel carbon nanoparticles for nanostructured battery anodes
Authors: Chen, YM
Liu, C
Sun, XX
Ye, H
Cheung, CS 
Zhou, LM 
Keywords: Recycled diesel carbon nanoparticles
Porous structure
Lithium-ion batteries
Nanostructured anode
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of power sources, 2015, v. 275, p. 26-31 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of power sources 
Abstract: Considerable attention has been devoted to using rational nanostructure design to address critical carbonaceous anode material issues for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the fabrication of nanostructured carbonaceous anode materials often involves complex processes and expensive starting materials. Diesel engine is an important source of nanostructured carbon particles with diameters ranging 20 nm-60 nm suspended in air, resulting in a serious scourge of global climate and a series of diseases such as lung cancer, asthma, and cardiovascular disease. Here, we show that diesel carbon nanoparticles collected from diesel engines can be chemically activated to create a porous structure. The resulting nanostructured carbon electrodes have a high specific capacity of 936 mAh g(-1) after 40 cycles at 0.05 A/g, and excellent cycle stability while retaining a capacity of similar to 210 mAh g(-1) after 1200 cycles at 5 A/g. As recycled diesel carbon nanoparticles are readily available due to the several billion tons of diesel fuel consumed every year by diesel engines, their use represents an exciting source for nanostructured carbonaceous anode materials for high-performance LIBs and improves our environment and health.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/36090
ISSN: 0378-7753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.200
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