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Title: Finite element analysis of compression behaviour of 3D spacer fabric structure
Authors: Liu, YP
Hu, H 
Keywords: Finite element analysis
Numerical study
Spacer fabric
Compression behaviour
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of mechanical sciences, 2015, v. 94-95, p. 244-259 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of mechanical sciences 
Abstract: 3D finite element (FE) analysis was conducted to investigate the mechanical behaviour of a typical 3D spacer fabric structure under compression in terms of its structural feature and mechanical properties of its components. A spacer fabric consists of two separate outer layers joined together with spacer monofilaments. Six FE models with different constraints on the spacer monofilaments and outer layer thicknesses were created using the precise geometry of a unit cell from Micro-X-ray computed tomography (mu CT) scanning by fully considering the yarn interactions among all the fabric components and material's nonlinearity. A FE model which could give a satisfactory prediction of the compression load-displacement relationship of the fabric was employed to identify the compression mechanism. It was confirmed from the simulation that the nonlinear compression behaviour of the 3D spacer fabric structure resulted from post-buckling, torsion, shear, rotation and contacts of the spacer monofilaments as well as the contacts between the spacer monofilaments and outer layers. It was found from a parametric study that the spacer fabric structure made with smaller spacer monofilament inclination angle, coarser spacer monofilaments and lower fabric thickness possesses higher compression resistance. (
ISSN: 0020-7403
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2015.02.020
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