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Title: Predicting long-term lumen maintenance life of LED light sources using a particle filter-based prognostic approach
Authors: Fan, JJ
Yung, KC 
Pecht, M
Keywords: LED light sources
Lumen maintenance
Remaining useful life
TM-21 standard
Particle filter
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Expert systems with applications, 2015, v. 42, no. 5, p. 2411-2420 How to cite?
Journal: Expert systems with applications 
Abstract: Lumen degradation is a common failure mode in LED light sources. Lumen maintenance life, defined as the time when the maintained percentages of the initial light output fall below a failure threshold, is a key characteristic for assessing the reliability of LED light sources. Owing to the long lifetime and high reliability of LED lights sources, it is challenging to estimate the lumen maintenance life for LED light sources using traditional life testing that records failure data. This paper describes a particle filter-based (PF-based) prognostic approach based on both Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) and Bayesian techniques to predict the lumen maintenance life of LED light sources. The lumen maintenance degradation data collected from an accelerated degradation test was used to demonstrate the prediction algorithm and methodology of the proposed PF approach. Its feasibility and prediction accuracy were then validated and compared with the TM-21 standard method that was created by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA). Finally, a robustness study was also conducted to analyze the initialization of parameters impacting the prediction accuracy and the uncertainties of the proposed PF method. The results show that, compared to the TM-21 method, the PF approach achieves better prediction performance, with an error of less than 5% in predicting the long-term lumen maintenance life of LED light sources.
ISSN: 0957-4174
EISSN: 1873-6793
DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2014.10.021
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