Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/35855
Title: The conscientiousness paradox : cultural mindset shapes competence perception
Authors: Chen, SX 
Lam, BCP
Buchtel, EE
Bond, MH 
Keywords: Conscientiousness
Competence perception
Cultural mindset
Language priming
Self-efficacy
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Source: European journal of personality, 2014, v. 28, no. 5, p. 425-436 How to cite?
Journal: European journal of personality 
Abstract: Studies comparing personality across cultures have found inconsistencies between self-reports and measures of national character or behaviour, especially on evaluative traits such as Conscientiousness. We demonstrate that self-perceptions and other-perceptions of personality vary with cultural mindset, thereby accounting for some of this inconsistency. Three studies used multiple methods to examine perceptions of Conscientiousness and especially its facet Competence that most characterizes performance evaluations. In Study 1, Mainland Chinese reported lower levels of self-efficacy than did Canadians, with the country effect partially mediated by Canadian participants' higher level of independent self-construal. In Study 2, language as a cultural prime induced similar effects on Hong Kong bilinguals, who rated themselves as more competent and conscientious when responding in English than in Chinese. Study 3 demonstrated these same effects on ratings of both self-perceived and observer-perceived competence and conscientiousness, with participants changing both their competence-communicating behaviours and self-evaluations in response to the cultural primes of spoken language and ethnicity of an interviewer. These results converge to show that self-perceptions and self-presentations change to fit the social contexts shaped by language and culture.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/35855
ISSN: 0890-2070
EISSN: 1099-0984
DOI: 10.1002/per.1923
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Access
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

3
Last Week
0
Last month
Citations as of Jun 26, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

4
Last Week
0
Last month
Citations as of Jun 23, 2017

Page view(s)

33
Last Week
2
Last month
Checked on Jun 25, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.