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Title: A fractal analytical model for the permeabilities of fibrous gas diffusion layer in proton exchange membrane fuel cells
Authors: Xiao, BQ
Fan, JT
Ding, F 
Keywords: Gas diffusion layer
Proton exchange membrane fuel cell
Relative permeability
Fractal analytical model
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Electrochimica acta, 2014, v. 134, p. 222-231 How to cite?
Journal: Electrochimica acta 
Abstract: The study of water and gas transport through fibrous gas diffusion layer (GDL) is important to the optimization of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). In this work, analytical models of dimensionless permeability, and water and gas relative permeabilities of fibrous GDL in PEMFCs are derived using fractal theory. In our models, the structure of fibrous GDL is characterized in terms of porosity, tortuosity fractal dimension (D-T), pore area fractal dimensions (d(f)), water phase (d(f,w)) and gas phase (d(f,g)) fractal dimensions. The predicted dimensionless permeability, water and gas relative permeabilities based on the proposed models are in good agreement with experimental data and predictions of numerical simulations reported in the literature. The model reveals that, although water phase and gas phase fractal dimensions strongly depend on porosity, the water and gas relative permeabilities are independent of porosity and are a function of water saturation only. It is also shown that the dimensionless permeability decreases significantly with the increase of tortuosity fractal dimension. On the other hand, there is only a small decrease in the water and gas relative permeabilities when tortuosity fractal dimension increases. One advantage of the proposed analytical model is that it contains no empirical constant, which is normally required in past models.
ISSN: 0013-4686
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.04.138
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