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Title: The effects of practicing sitting Tai Chi on balance control and eye-hand coordination in the older adults : a randomized controlled trial
Authors: Lee, KYT
Hui-Chan, CWY
Tsang, WWN 
Keywords: Balance
Eye-hand coordination
Older adults
Tai Chi
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Disability and rehabilitation, 2015, v. 37, no. 9, p. 790-794 How to cite?
Journal: Disability and rehabilitation 
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 3 months of sitting Tai Chi training on the sitting balance control and eye-hand coordination of older adults subjects.
Methods: We randomly assigned 59 older adults from four residential care facilities to either sitting Tai Chi group or mobilizing exercises group as control. The sitting Tai Chi group underwent 3 months of training with a total of 36 sessions (1 hour/session, 3 sessions/week). The outcome measures included sitting balance tests (testing sequential weight shifting and forward reaching in a sitting position) and eye-hand coordination tests (reaction time, movement time and accuracy in finger pointing task).
Results: The Tai Chi practitioners showed significant improvement in their sequential weight shifting while sitting (improved by 29.0%, p <= 0.05) and in their maximum reaching distance from a sitting position (improved by 21.2%, p <= 0.05). No such improvements were found in the control group. In the eye-hand coordination test, the sitting Tai Chi practitioners had significant improvements in accuracy (improved by 17.3%, p <= 0.05). Also, no improvement was found in the control group.
Conclusions: The results demonstrate 3-months of sitting Tai Chi training can improve sitting balance and accuracy in finger pointing task in the older adults.
ISSN: 0963-8288
EISSN: 1464-5165
DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2014.942003
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