Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/35777
Title: Environmental application of graphene-based CoFe2O4 as an activator of peroxymonosulfate for the degradation of a plasticizer
Authors: Xu, LJ
Chu, W 
Gan, L
Keywords: Graphene
Cobalt
Peroxymonosulfate
Degradation
Dimethyl phthalate
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Chemical engineering journal, 2015, v. 263, p. 435-443 How to cite?
Journal: Chemical engineering journal 
Abstract: The application of graphene-based CoFe2O4 (G-CoFe2O4) as an activator of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to degrade a plasticizer, dimethyl phthalate (DMP), has been investigated systematically, including the catalytic performance, beneficial effects, and the reaction mechanisms. In general, G-CoFe2O4 was found more efficient than CoFe2O4 to activate PMS. Several operational parameters were examined (e.g. the graphene content, reagent dosage, solution pH). Results showed that the optimum graphene content was determined to be 22%, and higher content could lead to excessive adsorption and incomplete degradation of DMP. A wide pH range of 4.0-8.35 was determined to be applicable for G-CoFe2O4. Furthermore, the role of graphene in the hybrid catalyst was found to serve as a matrix rather than a catalyst, and the adsorption of DMP molecules induced by the presence of graphene could be desorbed again by the participation of PMS ions. Finally, the degradation mechanisms were investigated, where both (OH)-O-center dot and SO4-center dot were verified to be the active radicals in the G-CoFeO4/PMS process. The DMP degradation was found mainly through the radical attack ((OH)-O-center dot and SO4-center dot) of the aromatic ring and the oxidation of the aliphatic chain. The latter was also responsible for the TOC removal in the process.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/35777
ISSN: 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.11.065
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