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Title: Experimental and simulating examination of computer tools, Radlink and DOE2, for daylighting and energy simulation with venetian blinds
Authors: Tian, C
Chen, TY
Chung, TM
Keywords: Validation
Daylighting simulation
Venetian blinds
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied energy, 2014, v. 124, p. 130-139 How to cite?
Journal: Applied energy 
Abstract: Venetian blinds are widely used to properly adjust the amount of incoming daylight for energy savings in lighting and cooling and to deal with glare for visual comfort. Two computer tools, Radlink in Adeline and DOE2, have been popularly used for long-term daylighting simulation with venetian blinds because they are computationally efficient and relatively convenient for use. Unlike Radiance, DOE2 and Radlink simplify the simulation by adopting some assumptions for high computational efficiency. However, the two tools and the assumptions adopted by them for the simulation of venetian blinds have not been fully validated until now. Therefore, indoor illuminances with and without venetian blinds were measured in a full-scale classroom under variant sky conditions, and were used to examine them. Experimental and simulated results show that without blinds, both DOE2 and Adeline with Radiance can accurately predict indoor daylight distribution, except that DOE2 gives relatively large errors near and far away from windows. With blinds, the root mean square error (RMSE) between the measured illuminances and those computed by Radlink and DOE2 are 80% and 48% under overcast sky, respectively, and 68% and 75% under clear sky. Analysis of the results shows that it is the assumptions used in Radlink and DOE2 that result in large simulation errors and unrealistic indoor illuminance distribution. It also reveals that any assumption that does not take into account the different features of daylight passing through blinds in their optical transfer process could result in significant computation errors.
ISSN: 0306-2619
EISSN: 1872-9118
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.03.002
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