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Title: Molecular Mechanisms of Substrate Recognition and Specificity of New Delhi Metallo-beta-Lactamase
Authors: Chiou, J 
Leung, TYC 
Chen, S 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Source: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 2014, v. 58, no. 9, p. 5372-5378 How to cite?
Journal: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 
Abstract: Carbapenems are one of the last lines of defense for Gram-negative pathogens, such as members of the Enterobacteriaceae. Despite the fact that most carbapenems are resistant to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), emerging metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs), including New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 1 (NDM-1), that can hydrolyze carbapenems have become prevalent and are frequently associated with the so-called "superbugs," for which treatments are extremely limited. Crystallographic study sheds light on the modes of antibiotic binding to NDM-1, yet the mechanisms governing substrate recognition and specificity are largely unclear. This study provides a connection between crystallographic study and the functional significance of NDM-1, with an emphasis on the substrate specificity and catalysis of various beta-lactams. L1 loop residues L-59, V-67, and W-87 were important for the activity of NDM-1, most likely through maintaining the partial folding of the L1 loop or active site conformation through hydrophobic interaction with the R groups of beta-lactams or the beta-lactam ring. Substitution of alanine for L-59 showed greater reduction of MICs to ampicillin and selected cephalosporins, whereas substitutions of alanine for V-67 had more impact on the MICs of carbapenems. K-224 and N-233 on the L3 loop played important roles in the recognition of substrate and contributed to substrate hydrolysis. These data together with the structure comparison of the B1 and B2 subclasses of MBLs revealed that the broad substrate specificity of NDM-1 could be due to the ability of its wide active site cavity to accommodate a wide range of beta-lactams. This study provides insights into the development of efficient inhibitors for NDM-1 and offers an efficient tactic with which to study the substrate specificities of other beta-lactamases.
ISSN: 0066-4804
EISSN: 1098-6596
DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01977-13
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