Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/35706
Title: The Structure and Stability of Magic Carbon Clusters Observed in Graphene Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth on Ru(0001) and Rh(111) Surfaces
Authors: Gao, JF
Ding, F 
Keywords: Supported carbon clusters
Chemical vapor deposition
Density functional calculations
Graphene
Derivative of sumanene
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Source: Angewandte chemie international edition, 2014, v. 53, no. 51, p. 14031-14035 How to cite?
Journal: Angewandte chemie international edition 
Abstract: To improve the atomically controlled growth of graphene by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), understanding the evolution from various carbon species to a graphene nucleus on various catalyst surfaces is essential. Experimentally, an ultrastable carbon cluster on Ru(0001) and Rh(111) surfaces was observed, while its structure and formation process were still under debate. Using ab initio calculations and kinetic analyses, we disclose a specific type of carbon cluster, composed of a C-21 core and a few dangling C atoms, which is exceptional stable in a size range from 21 to 27 C atoms. The most stable one of them, an isomer of C-24 characterized by three dangling C atoms attached to the C-21 core (denoted as C-21-3C), is the most promising candidate of the experimental observation. The ultrastability of C-21-3C originates from both the stable core and the appropriate passivation of the dangling carbon atoms by the catalyst surface.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/35706
ISSN: 1433-7851 (print)
1521-3773 (online)
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201406570
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