Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34937
Title: The effect of response style on self-reported conscientiousness across 20 countries
Authors: Mottus, R
Allik, J
Realo, A
Rossier, J
Zecca, G
Ah-Kion, J
Amoussou-Yeye, D
Backstrom, M
Barkauskiene, R
Barry, O
Bhowon, U
Bjorklund, F
Bochaver, A
Bochaver, K
De Bruin, G
Cabrera, HF
Chen, SX 
Church, AT
Cisse, DD
Dahourou, D
Feng, X
Guan, Y
Hwang, HS
Idris, F
Katigbak, MS
Kuppens, P
Kwiatkowska, A
Laurinavicius, A
Mastor, KA
Matsumoto, D
Riemann, R
Schug, J
Simpson, B
Tseung-Wong, CN
Johnson, W
Keywords: Response style
Extreme responding
Conscientiousness
Cross-cultural
Personality
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Personality and social psychology bulletin, 2012, v. 38, no. 11, p. 1423-1436 How to cite?
Journal: Personality and social psychology bulletin
Abstract: Rankings of countries on mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness continue to puzzle researchers. Based on the hypothesis that cross-cultural differences in the tendency to prefer extreme response categories of ordinal rating scales over moderate categories can influence the comparability of self-reports, this study investigated possible effects of response style on the mean levels of self-reported Conscientiousness in 22 samples from 20 countries. Extreme and neutral responding were estimated based on respondents’ ratings of 30 hypothetical people described in short vignettes. In the vignette ratings, clear cross-sample differences in extreme and neutral responding emerged. These responding style differences were correlated with mean self-reported Conscientiousness scores. Correcting self-reports for extreme and neutral responding changed sample rankings of Conscientiousness, as well as the predictive validities of these rankings for external criteria. The findings suggest that the puzzling country rankings of self-reported Conscientiousness may to some extent result from differences in response styles.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34937
ISSN: 0146-1672 (print)
1552-7433 (online)
DOI: 10.1177/0146167212451275
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