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Title: Culture-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates across 41 cultures
Authors: Bond, MH
Leung, K
Au, A
Tong, KK
De Carrasquel, SR
Murakami, F
Yamaguchi, S
Bierbrauer G
Singelis, TM
Broer, M
Boen, F
Lambert, SM
Ferreira, MC
Noels, KA
Van Bavel, J
Safdar, S
Zhang, J
Chen, L
Solcova, I
Stetovska, I
Niit, T
Niit, KK
Hurme, H
Böling, M
Franchi, V
Magradze, N
Javakhishvili, N
Boehnke, K
Klinger, E
Huang, X 
Fulop, M
Berkics, M
Panagiotopoulou, P
Sriram, S
Chaudhary, N
Ghosh, A
Vohra, N
Iqbal, DF
Kurman, J
Thein, RD
Comunian, AL
Kyung Ae, S
Austers, I
Harb, C
Odusanya, JOT
Ahmed, ZA
Ismail, R
Van deVijver, F
Ward, C
Mogaji, A
Sam, DL
Khan, MJZ
Cabanikkas, WE
Sycip, L
Neto, F
Cabecinhas, R
Xavier, P
Dinca, M
Lebedeva, N
Viskochil, A
Ponomareva, O
Burgess, SM
Oceja, L
Campo, S
Hwang, KK
D'souza, JB
Ataca, B
Furnham, A
Lewis, JR
Keywords: Social axioms
Cultural dimensions
Dynamic externality
Society cynicism
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 2004, v. 35, no. 5, p. 548-570 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of cross-cultural psychology 
Abstract: Leung and colleagues have revealed a five-dimensional structure of social axioms across individuals from five cultural groups. The present research was designed to reveal the culture level factor structure of social axioms and its correlates across 41 nations. An ecological factor analysis on the 60 items of the Social Axioms Survey extracted two factors: Dynamic Externality correlates with value measures tapping collectivism, hierarchy, and conservatism and with national indices indicative of lower social development. Societal Cynicism is less strongly and broadly correlated with previous values measures or other national indices and seems to define a novel cultural syndrome. Its national correlates suggest that it taps the cognitive component of a cultural constellation labeled maleficence, a cultural syndrome associated with a general mistrust of social systems and other people. Discussion focused on the meaning of these national level factors of beliefs and on their relationships with individual level factors of belief derived from the same data set.
ISSN: 0022-0221
EISSN: 1552-5422
DOI: 10.1177/0022022104268388
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