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Title: Developing a tunnel based model for monitoring vehicle emissions
Authors: Mak, Kai-long
Keywords: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Automobiles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Simulation methods
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Abstract: Tunnel emission models are one of the most useful tools in measuring and quantifying vehicular emissions. A speed modified simple mass balance model has been developed for the purposes of monitoring the change of pollutant emissions. This research intends to develop a new effective emission monitoring model on existing tunnel monitoring data. The result will be useful for the government to assess the effectiveness of her air pollution abatement programmes. The methodology involves collecting speed profiles, pollutant concentration profiles, analyzing the data statistically, and developing a speed modified simple mass balance model. Instantaneous vehicular exhaust concentration data was collected by using an instrumented car travelling through tunnel. The traffic flow-speed curve for tunnel was developed successfully. A strong correlation between vehicle speed and pollutant concentration was obtained in the field work. The impact of speed was then introduced to modify the simple mass balance model to estimate pollutant emission factors based on this tunnel study. In the validation test, the speed modify simple mass balance model was compared with the emission factor obtained by remote sensing technique. By statistical analysis, there was no significant difference between the speed modified emission factor and remote sensing estimation. Compared to the popular pollutant emission factor models, it appear that the refined speed modify mass balance model is robust in developing tunnel based emission factor model.
Description: xiv, 143 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
PolyU Library Call No.: [THS] LG51 .H577M CSE 2008 Mak
Rights: All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:Thesis

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