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Title: Socio-demographic and family correlates of hopelessness among adolescents in Shanghai, China
Authors: Han, XY
Shek, DT 
Keywords: Behavioral control
Parent-child relational qualities
Psychological control
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Source: International journal on disability and human development, 2012, v. 11, no. 2, p. 113-119 How to cite?
Journal: International journal on disability and human development 
Abstract: Chinese secondary school students (n=3022) responded to measures of adolescent hopelessness, perceived parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities. Results show that roughly one-fifth of the Chinese adolescents displayed signs of hopelessness. Adolescent hopelessness was positively related to age, and boys displayed a lower level of hopelessness than did girls. Adolescent hopelessness was also related to parental education, marital status of the parents, and economic disadvantage. Whereas parental behavioral control was negatively related to adolescent hopelessness, parental psychological control was positively associated with adolescent hopelessness. Adolescents who perceived parent-child relational qualities to be better showed a lower level of hopelessness. Parental psychological control and parental trust emerged as the two important predictors of adolescent hopelessness in Chinese adolescents.
ISSN: 2191-1231
EISSN: 2191-0367
DOI: 10.1515/ijdhd-2011-0019,
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