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Title: Regulation of human behaviors
Authors: Lee, TMC
Leung, AWS
Chan, CCH 
Keywords: Aging
Anterior cingulate cortex
Brain injuries
Neural plasticity
Prefrontal cortex
Response regulation
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Future Medicine
Source: Future neurology, 2007, v. 2, no. 2, p. 189-199 How to cite?
Journal: Future neurology
Abstract: The development of the frontal systems is a major evolutionary advancement of the human race. It enables the regulation of behaviors in accordance with goals and, hence, frees humans from the constraints imposed by our basic physiological instincts. The burgeoning neuroscience and neuropsychology literature has consistently highlighted the important roles played by the prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex in effective and efficient regulation of behaviors. On the other hand, aging is associated with changes in the neural network subserving behavioral regulation. Different neuropathologies also impact upon the function of the prefrontal cortex-anterior cingulate cortex system. Therefore, our brains require neural mechanisms in place that can facilitate functional recovery after brain injuries. Future research to enhance theoretical understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying the regulation of behaviors would contribute to the development of cost-effective treatment modalities that promote maximum functional return in people recovering from brain dysfunctions.
ISSN: 1479-6708
DOI: 10.2217/14796708.2.2.189
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