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Title: Effect of concentration of titanium dioxide acting as catalyst or co-catalyst on the wrinkle-resistant finishing of cotton fabric
Authors: Lam, YL
Kan, CW 
Yuen, CWM
Keywords: Catalyst
Wrinkle-resistant finishing
Titanium dioxide
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Springer
Source: Fibers and polymers, 2010, v. 11, no. 4, p. 551-558 How to cite?
Journal: Fibers and polymers 
Abstract: The wrinkle-resistant property of cotton specimens treated by 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) and catalysed by sodium hypophosphite (SHP) in the presence of TiO2 or nano-TiO2 has been evaluated in the present study. In this study, Scanning Electron Microscopy proved the presence of TiO2 or nano-TiO2 on the fibre surface. It was also found that 0.1–0.2 % TiO2 or nano-TiO2 was the optimum concentration to enhance the wrinkle-resistance of BTCA-SHP-treated cotton fabrics. In addition, the TiO2 or nano-TiO2 added in the wrinkle-resistant treatment could act as a multi-functional finishing agent to improve the UV protection property while they are safe to human skin as proved by the cytotoxicity test. Therefore, TiO2 or nano-TiO2 was evident that they could enhance the finishing performance and minimise the side effect.
ISSN: 1229-9197
EISSN: 1875-0052
DOI: 10.1007/s12221-010-0551-7
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