Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34436
Title: A simple formula for evaluating the acoustic effect of balconies in protecting dwellings against road traffic noise
Authors: Li, KM
Lui, WK
Lau, KK
Chan, KS
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Applied acoustics, 2003, v. 64, no. 7, p. 633-653
Abstract: This study explores the noise reducing effect of a balcony and describes the development of a simple theory pertaining to the propagation of traffic noise from a road into a balcony. A new methodology is proposed that is based on the well-known prediction scheme—“Calculation of Road Traffic Noise” (CRTN)—developed in the UK. A geometrical ray theory is developed for the prediction of noise levels inside a balcony due to road traffic. The source level of road traffic noise is obtained as per the standard CRTN methodology. However, road sub-segmentations and new approaches for the prediction of noise levels at illuminated and shadow zones inside a balcony are proposed. Field measurements have been conducted on four different types of balcony to validate the proposed methodology. The insertion loss, defined as the difference in the noise levels with and without the presence of a balcony, has been used to assess the shielding effectiveness of a balcony against road traffic noise. The simple theory is validated by outdoor field measurements. It is also found that a properly designed balcony can provide considerable screening effects in protecting dwellings against road traffic noise.
Keywords: Environmental noise
Balcony
CRTN
Traffic noise
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: Applied acoustics 
ISSN: 0003-682X
EISSN: 1872-910X
DOI: 10.1016/S0003-682X(03)00020-3
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