Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34346
Title: Plasma allantoin measurement by isocratic liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry : method evaluation and application in oxidative stress biomonitoring
Authors: Chung, WY
Benzie, IFF 
Keywords: Allantoin
Biomarker evaluation
Diabetes
LC-MS/MS
Mass spectrometry
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Clinica chimica acta, 2013, v. 424, p. 237-244 How to cite?
Journal: Clinica Chimica Acta 
Abstract: Background: Allantoin in human plasma is a specific biomarker of oxidative stress. We describe a sensitive method to measure plasma allantoin using isocratic liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Methods: Direct injection of deproteinized plasma into the LC-MS/MS system was performed. The method was technically evaluated. Results on 200 healthy and 35 Type 2 diabetic Chinese subjects were compared. Results: Dose-response of allantoin was linear to at least 21. pmol (20μmol/l in plasma); LOD was 0.16. pmol; recovery 99.2-100.2% at 1-5μmol/l; accuracy, 98.5-100.8%; within-day and between-day CVs (n=6), <. 4.0% (at 5.00-40μmol/l) and <. 2.0% (at 1-5μmol/l), respectively. Plasma allantoin in diabetic patients was ~. 8-fold higher than in healthy subjects; mean (SD): 8.82 (7.26) and 1.08 (0.86)μmol/l, respectively (p. <. 0.0001). Allantoin was slightly higher in healthy men than in age- and BMI-matched women: 1.21 (0.99)μmol/l, n=88 compared to 0.97 (0.74)μmol/l, n=112; p. <. 0.001. No association with age was seen. Gender difference was also seen in the diabetes patients: men, n=14, 11.57 (8.57)μmol/l; women, n=21, 6.99 (5.75)μmol/l, p. <. 0.05. Conclusions: Based on 95th percentiles of the healthy subjects, plasma allantoin of >. 2.2μmol/l in women and >. 3.1μmol/l in men indicates increased oxidative stress. Allantoin in diabetes subjects is clearly and markedly increased. The method will facilitate future studies of oxidative stress in human biomonitoring studies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34346
ISSN: 0009-8981
DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2013.06.015
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