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Title: Critical path scheduling under resource calendar constraints
Authors: Lu, M
Lam, HC
Keywords: Build/operate/transfer scheduling
Construction management
Critical path method
Project management
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Source: Journal of construction engineering and management, 2008, v. 134, no. 1, p. 25-31 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of construction engineering and management 
Abstract: Resource calendars specify nonworking days of driving resources involved in construction projects. As part of the resource availability constraints in critical path method (CPM) scheduling, resource calendars may postpone activity start time, extend activity duration, and hence prolong the total project duration. Ultimately, resource calendars bring about changes to the critical path identification. Research has yet to address how to incorporate the effects of multiple resource calendars on the total float determination. In this research, the popular P3 software is used as a tool for investigating the current practice of CPM scheduling under resource limit and calendar constraints. We assess P3's advanced resource scheduling functions (including resource leveling and resource calendars) and identify P3's potential errors in total float determination. Further, we propose a new method based on the forward pass analysis alone for accurately evaluating activity total float subject to resource calendar constraints. The application of the new method is illustrated with an activity-on-node case and a precedence-diagram-method case, with the results compared against those produced from P3. Our research has elucidated on some critical issues of resource-constrained scheduling in the application domain of construction project management. The findings will provide useful input for the vendors and users of the CPM software-which is not limited to P3-to improve the scheduling methodology as well as the accuracy of the resulting project schedules.
ISSN: 0733-9364
EISSN: 1943-7862
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2008)134:1(25)
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