Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34004
Title: In vitro characterization of the effects of rat/mouse hemokinin-1 on mouse colonic contractile activity : a comparison with substance P
Authors: Kong, ZQ
Han, M
Yang, WL
Zhao, YL
Fu, CY
Tao, Y
Chen, Q
Wang, R
Keywords: Contractile activity
Neural blocking agents
Rat/mouse hemokinin-1
SR140333 and SR48968
Substance P
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
Source: Neuropeptides, 2009, v. 43, no. 3, p. 213-220 How to cite?
Journal: Neuropeptides 
Abstract: Rat/mouse hemokinin-1 (r/m HK-1) has been identified as a member of the tachykinin family and its effect in colonic contractile activity remains unknown. We investigated the effects and mechanisms of actions of r/m HK-1 on the mouse colonic contractile activity in vitro by comparing it with that of substance P (SP). R/m HK-1 induced substantial contractions on the circular muscle of mouse colon. The maximal contractile responses to r/m HK-1 varied significantly among proximal-, mid- and distal-colon, suggesting that the action of r/m HK-1 was region-specific in mouse colon. The contractile response induced by r/m HK-1 is primarily via activation of tachykinin NK1 receptors leading to activation of cholinergic excitatory pathways and with a minor contribution of NK2 receptors, which may be on the smooth muscle itself. A direct action on colonic smooth muscles may be also involved. In contrast, SP induced biphasic colonic responses (contractile and relaxant responses) on the circular muscle, in which the contractile action of SP was equieffective with r/m HK-1. SP exerted its contractile effect predominantly through neural and muscular tachykinin NK1 receptors, but unlike r/m HK-1 did not appear to act via NK2 receptors. The relaxation induced by SP was largely due to release of nitric oxide (NO) produced via an action on neural NK1 receptors. These results indicate that the receptors and the activation properties involved in r/m HK-1-induced mouse colonic contractile activity are different from those of SP.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/34004
DOI: 10.1016/j.npep.2009.03.004
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