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Title: Flexible design principles street furniture design for transforming environments, diverse users, changing needs and dynamic interactions
Authors: Michael, Siu, KW 
Wong, LKS
Keywords: Flexibility
Public design
Public facilities
Transforming environments
Urban changes
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Source: Facilities, 2015, v. 33, no. 9-10, p. 588-621 How to cite?
Journal: Facilities 
Abstract: Purpose This paper aims to propose a set of flexible design principles for enhancing the flexibility of street furniture to deal with the diverse and changing urban environment. Flexibility is an important but less considered element of public design (otherwise called public environment and facility design), especially in regard to the street furniture that is encountered in everyday life. Taking Hong Kong as a case study, this paper gives an overview of the concepts of flexibility and flexible design, and identifies the current limitations and problems of the current street furniture design practices with respect to the diverse and changing urban environment. Design/methodology/approach Based on a review of the current literature and relevant documentation, interviews with government officers and different groups of users (including those with special needs), and field observations in Hong Kong s urban areas over a period of four years, the policies relating to street furniture design in Hong Kong and its management and implementation were evaluated. Findings ¡V The results indicate that the current street furniture in Hong Kong is unable to adapt to or resist changes, can easily cause safety and management problems and is not adaptable to new developments. This paper proposes six principles for the flexible design of street furniture, namely, custom in use, multifunctional use, responds effectively to changing circumstances, easily and conveniently managed, universal in use and sustainable in use. Research limitations/implications ¡V It is difficult to understand the diverse needs and preferences of diff
ISSN: 0263-2772
EISSN: 1758-7131
DOI: 10.1108/F-02-2014-0021
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