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Title: Potentiation of EDHF-mediated relaxation by chloride channel blockers
Authors: Yang, C
Kwan, YW
Chan, SW
Lee, SMY
Leung, GPH
Keywords: chloride channels
endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor
potassium channels
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Source: Acta pharmacologica sinica, 2010, v. 31, no. 10, p. 1303-1311 How to cite?
Journal: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 
Abstract: Aim: To investigate the involvement of Cl channels in endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated relaxation in rat mesenteric arteries. Methods: Cl channel and K ir channel activities were studied using whole-cell patch clamping in rat mesenteric arterial smooth muscle cells. Isometric tension of arterial rings was measured in organ chambers. Results: The volume-activated Cl current in rat mesenteric arterial smooth muscle cells was abolished by Cl channel blockers NPPB or DIDS. The EDHF-mediated vasorelaxation was potentiated by NPPB and DIDS. The EDHF response was diminished by a combination of apamin and charybdotoxin, which agreed with the hypothesis that EDHF response involves the release of K + via the Ca 2+-activated K + channels in endothelial cells. The elevation of K + concentration in bathing solution from 1.2 mmol/L to 11.2 mmol/L induced an arterial relaxation, which was abolished by the combination of BaCl 2 and ouabain. It is consistent to the hypothesis that K + activates K + /Na +-ATPase and inward rectifier K + (K ir) channels, leading to the hyperpolarization and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. The K +-induced relaxation was augmented by NPPB, DIDS, or withdrawal of Cl from the bathing solution, which could be reversed by BaCl 2, but not ouabain. The potentiating effect of Cl channel blockers on K +-induced relaxation was probably due to the interaction between Cl channels and K ir channels. Moreover, the K +-induced relaxation was potentiated when the arteries were incubated in hyperosmotic solution, which is known to inhibit volume-activated Cl channels.Conclusion:The inhibition of Cl channels, particularly the volume-activated Cl channels, may potentiate the EDHF-induced vasorelaxation through the K ir channels.
DOI: 10.1038/aps.2010.157
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