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Title: Strouhal numbers, forces and flow structures around two tandem cylinders of different diameters
Authors: Alam, MM
Zhou, Y
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
Source: Journal of fluids and structures, 2008, v. 24, no. 4, p. 505-526 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of Fluids and Structures 
Abstract: This paper presents a detailed investigation of Strouhal numbers, forces and flow structures in the wake of two tandem cylinders of different diameters. While the downstream cylinder diameter, D, was fixed at 25 mm, the upstream cylinder diameter, d, was varied from 0.24D to D. The spacing between the cylinders was 5.5d, at which vortices were shed from both cylinders. Two distinct vortex frequencies were detected behind the downstream cylinder for the first time for two tandem cylinders of the same diameter. The two vortex frequencies remained for d/D=1.0-0.4. One was the same as detected in the gap of the cylinders, and the other was of relatively low frequency and was ascribed to vortex shedding from the downstream cylinder. While the former, if normalized, declined progressively from 0.196 to 0.173, the latter increased from 0.12 to 0.203 with decreasing d/D from 1 to 0.24. The flow structure around the two cylinders is examined in the context of the observed Strouhal numbers. The time-averaged drag on the downstream cylinder also climbed with decreasing d/D, though the fluctuating forces dropped because vortices impinging upon the downstream cylinder decreased in scale with decreasing d/D.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2007.10.001
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