Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/33103
Title: Does individualism help explain differences in employers' stigmatizing attitudes toward disability across Chinese and American cities?
Authors: Rao, D
Horton, RA
Tsang, HWH 
Shi, K
Corrigan, PW
Keywords: China
Employers
Individualism
Stigma
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Source: Rehabilitation psychology, 2010, v. 55, no. 4, p. 351-359 How to cite?
Journal: Rehabilitation psychology 
Abstract: Purpose: Stigmatizing attitudes toward people with disabilities can jeopardize such individuals' well-being and recovery through denial of employment and community isolation. By shaping social norms that define group membership, the construct of individualism may partially explain differences in stigmatizing attitudes across cultures. Further, widespread globalization has brought intensely individualistic social practices to certain segments of non-Western cultures. This paper examines whether the construct of individualism can help to explain cross-cultural differences in stigmatizing attitudes observed between American and Chinese employers. Design: Employers (N = 879) from Beijing, Hong Kong, and Chicago provided information on their attitudes toward hiring people with disabilities, and path analyses were conducted to examine potential mediating relationships. Results: Path analyses indicated that vertical individualism, along with perceived responsibility for acquiring a condition, partially mediated the relationship between culture and employers' negative attitudes about job candidates with disabilities. Conclusion: These results suggested that greater espousal of competitive and individualist values may drive stigmatizing attitudes across cultures.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/33103
ISSN: 0090-5550
EISSN: 1939-1544
DOI: 10.1037/a0021841
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