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Title: A numerical study of the diffusion performance of a terraced classroom
Authors: Zhang, Z
Mak, CM 
Li, J
Issue Date: 2011
Source: Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 2011, v. 97, no. 5, p. 890-899 How to cite?
Journal: Acta Acustica united with Acustica 
Abstract: The acoustic diffusion performance of a terraced classroom was investigated using a two-dimensional boundary element method. Quadratic residue diffuser (QRD) and porous material were employed on the ceiling and rear wall, respectively, to improve the diffusion performance. The diffusion gains of various models were calculated to compare the diffusion performance. It is found that terraces in a rectangular classroom raise the lowest sound pressure level and provide slight diffusion improvement. The QRD ceiling enhances the diffusion by scattering the sound wave to be more evenly distributed, but at some frequencies the diffusion improvement is minor or even negative. The absorption rear wall provides useful diffusion gain mainly at higher frequencies by absorbing parts of the reflected sound. When the parameters of the QRD ceiling and porous material change, the diffusion improvement first increases and then begins to decrease. In a terraced classroom with both treatments, the diffusion at lower frequencies is similar to that with the QRD ceiling, while at higher frequencies it resembles that with the absorption rear wall. The results clearly indicate that the combination of the two treatments produces the most desirable diffusion performance of the tested models.
DOI: 10.3813/AAA.918468
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