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Title: Numerical simulation and in Situ investigation of fine particle dispersion in an actual deep street canyon in Hong Kong
Authors: Zhang, YW
Gu, ZL
Lee, SC 
Fu, TM
Ho, KF
Issue Date: 2011
Source: Indoor and built environment, 2011, v. 20, no. 2, p. 206-216
Abstract: This paper reports a computational fluid dynamics simulation of airflow and fine particle (PM 2.5) dispersion in the street canyon in Hong Kong, using large eddy simulation. An aspect ratio (AR) of 2.7 and a Reynolds number of 5 x 10 6 with a one main vortex, were used. This study focused mainly on the vehicle-induced momentum source and PM 2.5 concentrations were measured at 10 altitudes near the leeward wall in the street canyon, to provide high resolution measurements for model validation. The simulated PM 2.5 concentrations agreed well with the measurements, (R=0.85). The concentration was higher at the lower part near the leeward wall than the upper part. Higher concentration was found near the roof level. A near-uniform vertical dispersion of PM 2.5 near the windward wall was demonstrated; and the average concentrations were lower than found near the leeward wall. The intermittent escape of the PM 2.5 above the canyon at the roof level occurred mainly at the centre and near windward wall areas. The results demonstrated that a reduction in the AR can be conducive to pollutant dispersion in street canyon planning. The findings of this research would inform building designers to formulate effective strategies such as positioning of ventilation air intake, for the control of ingress of PM 2.5 into building environments.
Keywords: Aspectratio
CFD simulation
Large eddy simulation
PM 2.5
Reynolds number
Street canyon
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal: Indoor and built environment 
ISSN: 1420-326X
EISSN: 1423-0070
DOI: 10.1177/1420326X10387694
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