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Title: Intermolecular interaction in aqueous solution of binary blends of poly(acrylamide) and poly(ethylene glycol)
Authors: Lu, T
Shan, G
Shang, S 
Keywords: Interaction
Phase separation
Poly(ethylene glycol)
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Source: Journal of applied polymer science, 2010, v. 118, no. 5, p. 2572-2581 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of applied polymer science 
Abstract: The interaction between poly(acrylamide) (PAM) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) in their solid mixture was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR); and their interaction in aqueous solution was investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). For the solid PAM/PEG mixtures, an induced shift of the >C=O and >N-H in amide group was found by FTIR. These results could demonstrate the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the amide group of PAM and the ether group of PEG. In the aqueous PAM/PEG solution system, the PAM and PEG associating with each other in water, i.e., the amide group of PAM interacting with the ether group of PEG through hydrogen bonding was also found by 1H NMR. Furthermore, the effects of different molecular weight of PAM on the strength of hydrogen bonding between PAM and PEG in water were investigated systemically. It was found that the hydrogen bonding interaction between PAM and PEG in water did not increase with the enlargement of the PAM molecular weight as expected. This finding together with the viscosity reduction of aqueous PAM/PEG solution with the PAM molecular weight increasing strongly indicated that PAM molecular chain, especially having high molecular weights preferred to form spherical clews in aqueous PEG solution. Therefore, fewer amide groups in PAM could interact with the ether groups in PEG. Based on these results, a mechanism sketch of the interaction between PAM and PEG in relatively concentrated aqueous solution was proposed. The fact that the phase separation of aqueous PAM/PEG solution occurs while raising the temperature indicates that this kind of hydrogen bonding between PAM and PEG in water is weak and could be broken by controlling the temperature.
ISSN: 0021-8995
EISSN: 1097-4628
DOI: 10.1002/app.32556
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