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Title: Using a driving simulator to identify older drivers at inflated risk of motor vehicle crashes
Authors: Lee, HC
Lee, AH
Cameron, D
Li-Tsang, C 
Keywords: Driving simulator
Off-road assessment
Older drivers
Simulated driving performance
Vehicle crash
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Journal of safety research, 2003, v. 34, no. 4, p. 453-459 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of safety research 
Abstract: Problem: To develop appropriate assessment criteria to measure the performance of older drivers using an interactive PC-based driving simulator, and to determine which measures were associated with the occurrence of motor-vehicle crash. Method: One hundred and twenty-nine older drivers residing in a metropolitan city volunteered to participate in this retrospective cohort study. Using the driving simulator, appropriate driving tasks were devised to test the older drivers, whose performances were assessed by 10 reliable assessment criteria. Logistic regression analysis was then undertaken to determine those criteria that influence the self-reported crash outcome. Results: As expected, driving skill of older drivers was found to decline with age. Over 60% of the sample participants reported having at least one motor-vehicle crash during the past year. Adjusting for age in a logistic regression analysis, the cognitive abilities associated with the crash occurrence were working memory, decision making under pressure of time, and confidence in driving at high speed. Summary: The findings of this retrospective study indicated those individuals at inflated risk of vehicle crashes could be identified using the PC-based interactive driving simulator. Prospective studies need to be undertaken to determine whether the driving simulator can predict future crash events. Impact on industry: This study demonstrated an economical driving simulator approach to screen out problematic or unsafe older drivers before a more detailed but expensive road test is considered.
ISSN: 0022-4375
EISSN: 1879-1247
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.09.007
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