Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30991
Title: Assessing ecological modernization in China : stakeholder demands and corporate environmental management practices in guangdong province
Authors: Yee, WH
Lo, CWH 
Tang, SY
Keywords: Business community
China
Ecological modernization
Ecological rationality
Economic logic
Environmental politics
Stakeholder
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Source: China quarterly, 2013, no. 213, p. 101-129 How to cite?
Journal: China quarterly 
Abstract: This paper compares the key arguments of ecological modernization theory (EMT) with the reality of recent environmental reform in China. Based on data gathered from a survey and in-depth interviews with executives from Hong Kong-based enterprises operating in Guangdong province, we examine the changing roles of government, market, and civil society actors in the reform process, focusing on various types of pressures these actors have exerted on business enterprises. Compatible with Mol's (2006) conjectures, ecological concerns have gradually gained a foothold in existing political, economic, and to a lesser extent, social institutions. Yet, the relevant actors and their patterns of interactions differ from what EMT generalizes from Western European experiences. Specifically, local governments are assuming a more formalized relationship with firms in regulatory enforcement. Among market actors, organizational buyers along the supply chain have exerted more noticeable pressures on manufacturing firms than industrial associations and individual consumers. Civil society, while remaining less of an institutionalized actor in the environmental policy process, appears to pose a perceptible threat to at least some firms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30991
ISSN: 0305-7410
EISSN: 1468-2648
DOI: 10.1017/S0305741012001543
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