Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30667
Title: Emission of impinging swirling and non-swirling inverse diffusion flames
Authors: Zhen, HS
Leung, CW 
Cheung, CS 
Keywords: Inverse diffusion flame
CO/NOx emissions
Fame impingement
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied energy, 2011, v. 88, no. 5, p. 1629-1634 How to cite?
Journal: Applied energy 
Abstract: The overall pollutants emission from impinging swirling and non-swirling inverse diffusion flames (IDFs) was evaluated quantitatively by the ‘hood’ method. The results of in-flame volumetric concentrations of CO and NOx and overall pollutants emission of CO and NOx in terms of emission index were reported. The in-flame volumetric concentrations of CO and NOx were measured through a small hole drilled on the impingement plate. In comparison with the corresponding open flame, the CO and NOx concentrations for the impinging swirling IDF are greatly lowered due to the entrainment of much more ambient air which is related to the increased flame surface area. For the swirling and non-swirling IDFs, the EINOx increases as the nozzle-to-plate distance (H) increases because more space is available for the development of the high-temperature zone in the free jet portion of the impinging flame, which favors the thermal NO formation. The variation of EICO with H is different for the impinging swirling and non-swirling IDFs because they have different flame structures. For both flames, the EICO is high when their main reaction zone or inner reaction cone is impinged and quenched by the copper plate. The parameters of air jet Reynolds number, overall equivalence ratio and nozzle-to-plate distance have significant influence on the overall pollutants emission of the impinging swirling and non-swirling IDFs and the comparison shows that the swirling IDF emits less NOx and CO under most of the experimental conditions tested. Furthermore, it is found that compared with the open flames, the impinging flames emit lower level of NOx and higher level of CO.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30667
ISSN: 0306-2619
EISSN: 1872-9118
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.11.036
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