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Title: Interaction between steel stirrups and shear-strengthening FRP strips in RC beams
Authors: Chen, GM
Teng, JG 
Chen, JF
Rosenboom, OA
Issue Date: 2010
Source: Journal of composites for construction, 2010, v. 14, no. 5, p. 498-509
Abstract: RC beams shear strengthened with either fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) U-jackets/U-strips or side strips commonly fail due to debonding of the bonded FRP shear reinforcement. As such debonding occurs in a brittle manner at relatively small shear crack widths, some of the internal steel stirrups may not have reached yielding. Consequently, the yield strength of internal steel stirrups in such a strengthened RC beam cannot be fully used. In this paper, a computational model for shear interaction between FRP strips and steel stirrups is first presented, in which a general parabolic crack shape function is employed to represent the widening process of a single major shear crack in an RC beam. In addition, appropriate bond-slip relationships are adopted to accurately depict the bond behavior of FRP strips and steel stirrups. Numerical results obtained using this computational model show that a substantial adverse effect of shear interaction generally exists between steel stirrups and FRP strips for RC beams shear strengthened with FRP side strips. For RC beams shear strengthened with FRP U-strips, shear interaction can still have a significant adverse effect when FRP strips with a high axial stiffness are used. Therefore, for accurate evaluation of the shear resistance of RC beams shear strengthened with FRP strips, this adverse effect of shear interaction should be properly considered in design.
Keywords: Bonding
Concrete beams
Fiber reinforced polymers
Finite element method
Shear failure
Shear resistance
Strain distribution
Stress distribution
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Journal: Journal of composites for construction 
ISSN: 1090-0268
EISSN: 1943-5614
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000120
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